Join The Choir
Reflecting on today, plotting tomorrow.
Love the ride
Set Your Heading

The Great Canoe Race Conspiracy of 1977

Upper: NYSDEC Commissioner Berle preparing for the big race
Lower: Commissioner Berle, Regional Director Tom Monroe, & staff at the Middle SL locks

“The untold story of how the Adirondack Park Agency’s scheme blocked the Environmental Conservation Department team from certain canoe racing victory”


      The year was 1977. I was 13 years old. It was the summer before I entered my freshman year at Saranac Lake High School.  My Dad, Tom Monroe, had just been appointed in April by Commissioner Berle as DEC’s (then referred to as “Encon”) Region 5 Regional Director, following the long and distinguished career of the legendary William E. Petty.

       I had met nearly all of the NY State and regional politicians & players through my 1st thirteen years growing up as Tom’s son. From NY State Senators, to state and local legislative representatives, Encon executive leaders, APA executives, Regional Attorneys, Dad’s close-knit family of Encon Region 5 staff, and of course, his Wanakena classmates & fellow Forest Rangers.

Dad & some of his Wanakena Classmates (Dad’s manning the stern- 1961 photo)


      Some I knew well. Many had been guests at our dining room table for one of my mom’s home cooked meals. We routinely camped, fished, hunted or hiked with several. I frequently visited Dad at his office in Ray Brook. On occasion, he took me with him to his office at 50 Wolf Road in Albany as well. Sometimes he even let me sit quietly and observe during his many meetings there on the day’s driving environmental agenda items and issues.

      I listened to all of the discussions, disagreements and debates on the environmental issues of the day.  The adults in the room may not have all realized it at the time, but one young boy sitting quietly at the table was listening intently. I soaked everything in. I found it all fascinating. My “Encon uncles” all passionately arguing and debating their stances. That was my upbringing.  They were my family.

     I recall that when Dad took over at Ray Brook some tensions existed between Encon and the APA. There were ongoing power struggles and divergent agendas as the new State Land Master Plan was being developed.

    Commissioner Berle had been appointed by the Governor just a year earlier. There were many other ambitious agenda items and issues facing the Adirondacks as well. He and my dad had a lot on their plate. They were pretty busy. I heard Dad talk about most all of it.

Commissioner Berle & my Dad on Lake Champlain

Scrapbook photo from the Plattsburgh Press Republican, 8/12/77


     Then, Dad came home one day from Albany, all excited. As I recall, there had been some extensive, ongoing clean-up efforts occurring on the Hudson River, the headwaters of which I had visited on high peaks hikes with my dad up to Lake Tear of The Clouds and along the Opalescent.

     Apparently, those efforts had achieved some very tangible results. I can’t remember the details. PCB abatement and remediation projects may have been involved. I do recall that it involved improved water quality, fishing and recreational opportunities in that watershed, of which my dad, in whatever role he played in those efforts, seemed quite proud.

     Dad returned from one of his many Wolf Road meetings sometime that spring. At the dinner table he made an announcement.  

     “The APA challenged us. Encon against the APA team and a local team from North Creek. We’re going to have a big canoe race on the Hudson.”

The North Creek News Enterprise, May 19, 1977


Dad seemed pretty excited at the prospect.   

     The original plan was for Dad to lead the Encon team with Mal Coutant, Encon’s Region 5 Regional Attorney, a regular member of the Monroe household. He and his wife Jane were (and to this day are) my favorite Encon/DEC Aunt and Uncle.

     “The Great Canoe Race” as it had been dubbed, was to be held on Sunday, May 22, 1977, on a section of the North Hudson somewhere just up above North Creek.   

     So, Dad and Mal began making preparations. I believe they even went up to North Creek a few days before the big race for a practice run on the involved stretch of river, which apparently included some fairly challenging whitewater.

     Mal owned a fancy forest green fiberglass Old Town canoe. Dad owned two nondescript aluminum Grummans.  They chose Mal’s Old Town as their ride for the race. I think my dad even waxed the canoe’s bottom with cross country ski wax. But I would not swear under oath to that.

     Then, suddenly, just a day or two before the race, something happened. Dad lost his race partner. Mal had a last-minute conflict and had to pull out.

     I’m not quite sure how it happened, or if I was even Dad’s first second choice, but at the very last minute my dad turned to me and asked;

     “Son, change of plans, Mal had to bow out. How’d you like to represent Encon as my partner for the big canoe race? There are some challenging sections of whitewater.  You already know a lot of the folks who will be there. It will be a great experience for you. Commissioner Berle will be there with his son Dolf.  There’s a big clam bake afterwards. We’ll have lots of fun.”

     My thirteen year old ears heard just two phrases- “Canoe Race” and “Clam Bake”.  I was all in. My Dad and I were going to lead the Encon team to victory. We were gonna win that canoe race.

    There was no time left for us to recon or practice together. I was going in cold, but that did not matter.  I had spent my whole life paddling canoes with my Dad. He’d taught me well, nearly everything he knew. My Dad and I working in tandem were one formidable canoe team.

     We got ready the night before, started loading Mal’s Old Town onto the cartop racks on top of our old green station wagon.

     That Old Town was fancy and sleek. But as we lifted it, I noticed that fiberglass was heavy, a lot heavier than our fourteen foot four man Grumman. I hesitated for a moment. I had my doubts. I glanced at our trusty old aluminum canoe lying nearby.

     “Dad, this canoe seems really heavy to me. We’ve never paddled it together before. I think the Grumman’s a lot lighter. Plus, if we bang into a rock on those rapids, I think it will handle that better than this fiberglass. Are you sure you want to use this Old Town? I think the Grumman will be faster. I think we stand a better chance of winning in our own canoe.”

     Dad paused and thought, but just for a moment. Last minute decision. We ditched Mal’s fancy forest green fiberglass Old Town. Encon’s Region 5 Regional Director and his son were going to help lead their team to victory in a slightly banged up, scratched, fishy smelling old fourteen foot aluminum Grumman.

     Race morning arrived. Dad and I left early for the drive up to the race starting point, on the Hudson, a few miles above North Creek.

     There were already lots of people congregating there when we arrived. They were unloading all sorts of fancy canoes; Old Towns, expensive sleek wooden jobs, all sorts of high end makes and models. There were Dad and I, with our old green station wagon, two well worn wooden paddles, a pair of fish baptized yellow zipper life vests, and our aluminum Grumman.

      We off-loaded our canoe. Dad introduced me to the rest of Encon’s team, including Commissioner Berle and his son Dolf.  We shook hands all around.

     Commisioner Berle I had met before. His son Dolf I had not. The Commissioner was a pretty ruggedly built guy. His son Dolf was a couple of years older than me. He was bigger than me, built a lot like his dad. It looked to me like Encon had a very solid race crew.

     Commissioner Berle handed Dad and I paper numbers to affix to our life vests. It was clear from his tone and his voice, Commissioner Berle was there to have fun, but he meant business. He intended to win that canoe race. He and I were like minded in that regard. So did I.

     The APA team was there too, assembling, as was North Creek. The North Creek team looked ruggedly competent and competitive. That APA team, however, to me, seemed to have a bunch of lawyers on it. I had met most of them. My assessment was that the North Creek team was going to give us a run for our money, but that APA team was soft. They were ours for the taking. Besides, the Encon team had a couple of ringers. Me and Dolf. We were gonna win that canoe race.

     The race was going to be a shotgun start. Canoes and racers entered the water, I’m not sure how many there were all told- a lot, maybe forty something in all.

     A bullhorn blared instructions and rules. I’m not sure anyone was listening. There was a lot of banter and smack talk going on all around us. It all seemed more to me like every man for himself. A starting pistol went off. The “Great Canoe Race” commenced.

     At that point, the race could have just as easily been dubbed “Mayhem on The Hudson”. Forty canoes in a smack talking whitewater rapids canoe race team event every man for himself shotgun start. I remember seeing a few canoes flip immediately. Heads bobbed down the river, along with jettisoned paddles and several suddenly unmanned canoes careening down through the water.

      I didn’t pay much attention though, none of them looked like any of the Econ team’s craft. Dad and I sure weren’t one of them. It was every man for himself. They were all wearing life vests. Dad and I ignored all the floating flotsam & jetsam and just paddled that much harder.

     Dad and I jetted downriver. Dad manning the rear, expertly guiding our canoe, with me paddling like a teenage bat out of hell on a mission from God in the front.

      About five canoes quickly pulled into the lead, separating themselves from the pack. I could see Commissioner Berle and his son just ahead of us in one of them. I did not recognize the rest, but of the five lead race canoes, I knew Econ teams manned at least two of them. My Dad and I being one.

     Dad and I worked well together. We had a good system, lots of practice. My job was to paddle just as hard as I could and not stop. I was also “rock lookout”, yelling “Rock left! Rock right! Rock center!” Dad responding accordingly.

     As I recall, the race course was about five miles long, ending down near North Creek. We were about halfway through, with a stretch of rapids just ahead, when a canoe just behind us nudged up close, alongside. I glanced over and recognized the lead paddler as a lawyer from of one of the APA teams.

     Now, the North Creek News Enterprise news clipping my mom saved for my dad’s career scrapbook lists Lake Placid’s Douglas Ward as the APA attorney present on their team that day. My recollection, however, is that the man in the canoe pulling up next to us was none other than APA legal legend, Peter Paine.

     Dad and I redoubled our efforts. We maintained a slim lead over that APA canoe. Commissioner Berle and his son Dolf were pulling further ahead in a small group of three canoes still in front of us. Encon now had at least two of the top four canoes in the race.

     But alas! As anyone who ever knew my dad well knows, he had one great weakness. My Dad never met a debate he didn’t like, especially if it involved environmental issues. And the APA.

     Peter Paine knew my dad’s weakness all too well too. He did what lawyers get paid to do. He began trying to distract my dad with some environmental debate conversation. Peter Paine started talking.

     “Hey Tom!” I heard Peter bellow, his voice carrying over rushing water.

     “What are your thoughts about the recent ruling on…”

     That was it. That was all it took. My Dad swallowed the bait hook line and sinker. I wasn’t paying any further attention to the conversation after that. We had more important matters at hand. I knew EXACTLY what the illustrious Mr. Paine was up to.

     “Dad! Never mind him! He’s just trying to distract you! Pay attention! Steer!”   

“Rock left!” Rock Right!” “Rock Center!” Rock Center!”

“Dad! Quit arguing and Pay attention!”

“Dad! Dad! Dad!”

“Rock! Rock!”


     It was too late. That was it. There we were. In the middle of “The Great Canoe Race” on the Hudson, canoes whizzing past us, high centered on a big flat rock in our canoe.

    Peter Paine and his partner laughed and waved as they raced by.

     It took my dad and I several minutes to extricate ourselves from the legal mess we’d just found ourselves in. We paddled like hell afterwards, but the damage was done.

      By the time we pulled into the finish area, Commissioner Berle was there waiting for us. So were Peter Paine and his partner. I swear I heard Commissioner Berle ask Dad;

      “What the HELL happened to YOU, Tom?”

     I also swear I heard Peter Paine chuckling. I’m pretty sure Commissioner Berle was not.  Neither was I.  We’d just finished 12th!  All because Dad couldn’t resist and took the bait from some APA lawyer.

      Dolf and I left the fallout from that incident to our respective fathers to sort out. Two teenage boys went for a well-deserved swim in the Hudson.

     I’m not sure, in the end, which team claimed “The Great Canoe Race” paddle that year. I’m pretty sure it wasn’t the Econ team.  I think my dad & I finishing 12th cost our Encon team that title.  At least, I don’t recall standing on any podium and being awarded “The Paddle.”  If my memory serves me correctly, it was North Creek that ended up winning.  Where ever that paddle is now, someone could check and verify my memory. In any event, I’m pretty sure that our team still beat the APA team that year.

           Regardless, I drowned most of the sting from that loss in a clam bake. But not all of it.  One important lesson I learned that day. Beware of APA Attorneys.  They are a sneaky lot. Never above a little legal conspiracy. Especially in the midst of a whitewater canoe race, if by doing so, they can thwart an Encon/DEC victory.

     To this day, I believe, that if not for some last-minute legal shenanigans by the APA’s legal counsel, the Encon team, led by my dad and I, Commissioner Berle and his son Dolf, would have won that canoe race.  In fact, for the past forty some years, I’ve remained quite sure of it.  If Dad were still here, I’m pretty certain we’d be demanding a rematch.  


So, for all those folks out there canoe racing in the Adirondacks this summer, on behalf of Dad’s memory & the many life lessons he taught me:



Until Our Trails Cross Again: